Afghanistan's ousted President Burhanuddin Rabbani returned to the capital Kabul Saturday, vowing to establish a broad-based, post-Taleban government as soon as possible.
Mr. Rabbani told reporters the formation of a new government depends on the seriousness of the Afghan people and the United Nations. A U-N special envoy (Francesc Vendrell) also is in Kabul to try to persuade Northern Alliance leaders to take part in talks on forming an interim administration.
Some Alliance commanders insist such talks take place in the Afghan capital, but U-N officials say a more neutral location could increase chances that leaders from southern Afghanistan's dominant Pashtun tribes will attend.
There are fears that civil war could break out again between the Pashtuns and the Uzbeks, Tajiks and Hazara who dominate the Northern Alliance.
Mr. Rabbani says the Northern Alliance will accept the will of a traditional grand assembly of tribal elders -- called "Loya Jirga" -- to decide on a future government.
The United Nations and all but three countries have recognized Mr. Rabbani as Afghanistan's legitimate president since the fundamentalist Taleban movement forced his government into exile five years ago.
Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates recognized the Taleban as Afghanistan's legitimate rulers. But Islamabad is the only nation that has maintained diplomatic ties with the Taleban since U-S -led airstrikes against Taleban military and al-Qaida terrorist targets began last month.